L2 Gym Instructor – Principles of Health and Wellbeing for Exercise Fitness and Health – Unit 1 (Exam)

1. Describe cardiovascular and respiratory adaptations to endurance / aerobic training.

2. Identify the short- and long-term effects of exercise on blood pressure.

3. Describe the blood pooling effect following exercise.

4. Describe the effects of exercise on bones and joints including the significance of weight bearing exercise.

5. Describe delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS).

6. Identify exercises or techniques likely to cause delayed onset muscle soreness.

7. Describe the Valsalva effect and where it may be advantageous and contradicted.

8. Describe the short- and long-term effects of different types of exercise on muscle.

9. List 3 exercises that can improve posture.

10. Define the components of health-related fitness.

11. Define the components of skill related fitness.

12. Identify the factors that affect health and skill related fitness.

13a. Describe the physiological implications of specificity.

13b. Describe the physiological implications of progressive overload.

13c. Describe the physiological implications of reversibility

13d. Describe the physiological implications of adaptability.

13e. Describe the physiological implications of individuality.

13f. Describe the physiological implications of recovery time.

14.Explain the principles of FIIT.

15. Explain the principles of a progressive training programme in developing components of fitness.

16. Explain how to recognise when and how to regress a training programme.

17a. What are the principles of adaptation, modification, and progression in the frequency of training?

17b. What are the principles of adaptation, modification, and progression in the Intensity of training?

17c. What are the principles of adaptation, modification, and progression in the time spent training?

17d. What are the principles of adaptation, modification, and progression in the type of training?

18. Describe the effect of speed on posture, alignment and intensity.

19. Describe the effects of levers, gravity and resistance can have on exercise when modified.

20. Describe the differences between programming exercise for physical fitness and for general health benefits.

21a. Describe the exercise contraindications and key safety guidelines for Older People

21b. Describe the exercise contraindications and key safety guidelines for Antenatal and Post-Natal

21c. Describe the exercise contraindications and key safety guidelines for Antenatal and Post-Natal

21d. Describe the exercise contraindications and key safety guidelines for Young people

21e. Describe the exercise contraindications and key safety guidelines for Disabled people

22a. Describe the benefits and limitations of the talk test

22b. Describe the benefits and limitations of Rate of Perceived Exertion

22c. Describe the benefits and limitations of Heart rate monitoring and the use of different heart rate zones

23. Describe the benefits of physical activity and leading a healthy and active lifestyle.

24a. Describe the effect of physical activity on the causes of Coronary Heart Disease

24b. Describe the effect of physical activity on the causes of some cancers

24c. Describe the effect of physical activity on the causes of hypertension

24d. Describe the effect of physical activity on the causes of Obesity

24e. Describe the effect of physical activity on the causes of Osteoporosis

25. Outline how stress, fatigue, and alcohol contribute to an individual’s lifestyle.

26. Describe the ways a health and safety professional can communicate the benefits of a healthy and active lifestyle with customers.

27. Describe the concept of an obesogenic environment and factors which may contribute.

28. Describe how advances in technology can support a customer’s health and fitness journey.

29. Describe the current national food model / guide.

30. Describe the key healthy eating advice that underpins a healthy diet.

31. Explain the importance of adequate hydration.

32a. Explain professional role boundaries in relation to offering nutritional advice: Dieticians

32b. Explain professional role boundaries in relation to offering nutritional advice: Nutritionist

32c. Explain professional role boundaries in relation to offering nutritional advice: Gym Instructors

33a. Explain the dietary role of key nutrients protein, carbohydrate, fats and identify two common sources of each: Protein

33b. Explain the dietary role of key nutrients protein, carbohydrate, fats and identify two common sources of each: Carbohydrate

33c. Explain the dietary role of key nutrients protein, carbohydrate, fats and identify two common sources of each: Fats

34. Describe the energy balance equation.

35. Identify two common sources of Protein

36. Identify two common sources of Carbohydrate

37. Identify two common sources of Fats

38. Explain the health risks of poor nutrition.